Lampwork is the ancient art of shaping glass in a flame. Centuries ago, lampwork artisans used gas lamps to mold and sculpt glass, thus the name. Today, torches using a propane and oxygen mixture are used to melt rods of glass and wind them on to steel rods called mandrels. After creation, glass beads and allowed to cool very slowly over a period of hours in a kiln. This process is called annealing and removes internal stress from the glass, making the bead stronger and less prone to breakage. After annealing, the beads are removed from the mandrels and cleaned.

Lampwork Torch

Minor Burner Oxygen Propane Torch

Bead Kiln

Bead Annealing Kiln

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